Our task is to simplify expressions of the form

by expressing them in the form


To express in terms of the first, we write,

Remembering now thatare all constants, we can equate the coefficients ofand on both sides, to give simultaneous equations:

For (1) and(2)

(2)/(1) givesand

sowhere and are given as above.

A similar procedure gives, when we want to write,as


Write in the form


We may also be asked to solve equations such asAs above, we writeand put this equal to 1. We solve