The Capillary Tube Method for Finding the Saturated Vapour Pressure of Water

A capillary tube closed at one end containing a short column of air trapped by a small amount of water as shown below.

The trapped air is saturated with water vapour because of the short column of water. If atmospheric pressure isand the pressure exerted by the trapped air is p, then, ignoring the pressure exerted by the short column of water isso

Saturated vapours do not obey the ideal gas lawSaturated vapour pressure is constant at a given temperature and independent of the volume of air.. We apply the ideal gas law to the enclosed air, obtainingwhereis the volume of trapped air andis the temperature. The constant can be evaluated if the value of the saturated vapour pressure at some temperature is known, then s can be found for any other temperature