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Radius of Gyration

We can write the moment of inertia I of a body as(1) whereis the mass andis the radius of gyration of the body about the same axis from which the radius of gyration was calculated. For a uniform disc of radiusabout an axis through the centre perpendicular to the disc the moment of inertia isand equating this to (1) gives

The radius of gyration can be defined concisely as as the distance from the centre of rotation of a rotating body to the point where the mass can be considered to be concentrated, as if the body were a single particle of massat a distance equal to the radius of gyration from the axis of rotation.

The radius of gyration of some other simple solids are given in the table below.

Solid

Radius of Gyration

Uniform thin rod of length l fixed at one end

Uniform thin rod of length l about the middle

Solid cylinder of radius about the axis

Hollow cylinder of radius about the axis

Solid sphere of radiusabout an axis through the center