Using Matrices to Solve Simultaaneous Equatioins

If you already know how to solve simultaneous equations then you may well wonder why people use matrices to solve them. The fact is, while simple equations with two unknowns x and y are quite easy to solve, as the number of unknowns increases so does the number of equations we have to solve. The number of calculations we have to do though, increases by far more than the number of unknowns we have to find. But the matrix method remains generally the same , and is suitable for computers to crunch on.

The method goes like this. We write the equations we have to solve in matrix form: whereis a matrix,is the column vectorand b is the column vector

Then we find the inverse of the matrixand multiply on the left by(we have used).

Example: Solve the simultaneous equations

4x+3y=9

7x+6y=10

First we write the problem in matrix form:

Then multiply on the left byThe inverse of a 2 by 2 matrix is given by

Example: Solve the simultaneous equations

4x+3y=5

3x+4y=8

First we write the problem in matrix form:

Then multiply on the left by