Domain and Codomain

A function is an operation that assigns to each number in a domain, a unique number in a codomain. The function is usually given in the form of an equation,for example, Each value of gives a unique value of -if this were not so, we would not have a function. To sketch a function we need to find a set of points. This is most easily done by drawing up a table.

 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 9 4 1 0 1 4 9 +1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 5 2 1 2 5 10

If we have a graph of a function and we want to know the domain and codomain, then we can find them by looking at the axes. To find the domain, we look at the x-axis. To find the range or codomain we look at the-axis. For the function above, the function is restricted tovalues in the rang [-3,3] so the domain is the interval, [-3,3] and the codomain or range is the interval [1,10].

The graph below,has domain(notice the vertical dotted line, indicating that atsocan not be equal to -1) and codomainIf the graph tends toward anorvalue without reaching it, then that value cannot be in the domain or codomain respectively.