## Example of Three Functions Functionally Related

We can find if three functions are functionally related by finding the determinant of the matrix of partial derivatives.Suppose

\[f(x)=x+y+z\]

, \[g(x)=x^2 +y+z\]

, \[h(x)=x^3 +y+z\]

Then

\[\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}=\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}=\frac{\partial f}{\partial z}=1\]

, \[\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}=2x, \frac{\partial f}{\partial y}=\frac{\partial f}{\partial z}=1\]

, \[\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}=3x^2 , \frac{\partial f}{\partial y}=\frac{\partial f}{\partial z}=1\]

The matrix of partial derivatives is

\[ \left| \begin{array}{ccc} \frac{\partial f}{\partial x} & \frac{\partial g}{\partial x} & \frac{\partial h}{\partial x} \\ \frac{\partial f}{\partial y} & \frac{\partial g}{\partial y} & \frac{\partial h}{\partial y} \\ \frac{\partial f}{\partial z} & \frac{\partial g}{\partial z} & \frac{\partial h}{\partial z} \end{array} \right| = \left| \begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 2x & 3x^2 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & \1 \end{array} \right| =0\]

since the second and third rows are the same. This means we can dind a function

\[F\]

satisfying \[F(f,g,h)=0\]

.We can treat the problem as a transformation from the

\[(x,y,z)\]

space to the \[(f,g,h)\]

plane. The transformation is degenerate.