## Forms of Energy

Energy, measured in Joules., comes in many different forms, but the su total of all energy is constant. Energy may be converted from form to form, but no energy is ever lost, though some energy may be lost to friction and be difficult to be turn it into a useful form. Common forms of energy are:

 Energy Type Description Example Equation Kinetic Due to a Body of mass m moving with velocity v A car moving $\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ Gravitational Due to the height h a body of mass has above the ground A plane glying at 30,000 feet $mgh$ Elastic Due to elastic bodies being deformed A spring with force constant k stretched a distance x $\frac{1}{2}kx^2$ Chemical Due to potential for chemical reaction combustion Nuclear Radioactive decay and nuclear reactions - fission and fusion Atom Bomb $E=mc^2$ Heat/Internal Due to the temperature of a body or substance Hot cup of tea $mcT$  where  $m, \: c, \: T$  are mass, specific heat capacity and temperature respectively Electrical Current flowing or charge being stored capacitor storing charge $IVt$  where  $I, \: V, \: t$  are current, voltage and time respectively, or  $QV$  where  $Q, \: V$  are charge and voltage respectively Light Whenever it is light, there is light energy The Sun shines $IAT$  where  $I, \: A, \: t$  are light intensity, area and time respectively Sound Mechanical vibration of gas or liquid molecules When we speak 