## Rest Mass

The rest mass of a particle is the mass a particle has when it's speed is zero, and is labelled

\[m_0\]

. The mass of a particle is not fixed. As the speed increases, so does the mass, according to the equation \[m=\frac{m_0}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}}\]

.Because

\[\gamma = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}} \ge 1\]

, \[m_0 \le m\]

. .The rest mass is the most fundamental measure of mass for a particle, but is must be noted that the speed of a particle can never be zero because of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

\[\Delta p \delta x \ge \hbar\]

. This means that the mass of a particle can never be equal to its rest mass. Nevertheless, the rest mass is an important idea and represents the smallest possible mass of a particle.