## U Values

The heat loss from a house iscalculated using U – values. The energy lost per second P through asurface

is proportional to the area ofthe surface,

is proportional to thetemperature difference on either side of the surface,

depends on the nature of thesurface, expressed by the U – value.

We can writethenthe U – value of a surface equals rate of heat loss per unit areaper Kelvin temperature difference.

Example: An uninsulated roofmeasures 10 m by 10 m. The temperature inside the house is 25 ˚Cand the temperature outside is -5 ˚C.If the U – value of the roof is 2.5 W/m ^{2 }/ ˚Cthe rate of heat loss through the roof is

Some typical U – values aregiven in the table below.

Surface | U - value |

Roof, tiled, uninsulated | 2 |

Roof, tiled, insulated | 0.4 |

Wall with air cavity | 1.5 |

With with insulated cavity | 0.5 |

Single glazed window | 5.6 |

Double glazed window | 3.0 |