The Origin of Force

The motion of particles is determined by the forces acting on them. Forces arise because of the variation of potential energy in the region of a particle. Particles always tend to move to where the potential energy is least.

The particle shown at the local maximum above will force a force tending to move it to one of the two local minima, because the potential energy is less there. This is completely general: Forces act in the direction of decreasing potential energy.

This is why objects fall to the ground, like charges repel and unlike charges attract etc.

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