The Determinant of a Matrix
The determinant of 2 by 2 matrix can be worked out almost instantly:
ie multiply the diagonal numbers together and subtract them.
The determinant of a 3 by 3 matrix is much more difficult. We have to carry out a process called expanding along a row or a column, In the example below I will expand along a row – the top row.
We label the positions in the matrix with +1's and -1's: For the first term, 3, cross out the entries in the same row and column as this 3.
Our second term is
Our third term is
The determinant is