When someone attaches themselves to a piece of elastic and jumps off a bridge, energy initially all gravitational potential energy is changed into kinetic energy as the jumper falls and finally into elastic potential energy as the elastic reaches a maximum length.
Suppose that the unstretched length of elastic isits modulus of elasticity isand the mass of the jumper isWe want to find the maximum kinetic energy and the maximum extension of the string.
Before the jumper jumps we can take gravitational potential energy,equals kinetic energy,equals elastic potential energy,equals 0, so that throughout the motion
When the elastic has maximum extension and lengththe jumper is not moving so his kinetic energy is zero.
Thenand the maximum lengthis a solution to
This equation has two solutions. Take the one with the positive root. The other will correspond to a height above the jumping point.
The maximum kinetic energy will occur when the tension in the elastic is equal to the force of gravity on the descending jumper:so thatBelow this point the jumper will start to decelerate.