Cauchy Euler Equations

A Cauchy – Euler equation is any equation of the formwhere andis a continuous function. The solution is written as the sum of two terms:

The solutionof the homogeneous equation(1) and a particular solutionof the non – homogeneous equationwhere the form ofdepends onand may be found using guesswork and intuition. If we have two boundary conditions then we can solve fro any constant to find the general solution.

To find the solutionassume a solution of the formSubstitute these into (1).

Simplify and factorise withto obtain

If we assumethenThis is called the indicial equation.

We can solve the above indicial equation into obtainandhence

Example: Fund the solution to(3) ifand when

The indicial equation is

We can solve this equation by factorising to obtain


for (3) so we do not need to look for a particular solution.



(4)+3*(5) givesthen from (4)

The solution is

Add comment

Security code