The Weierstrass M - Test

Weierstrass's M – test provides a way to prove uniform convergence for the sum of a sequence.

Letbe a sequence of functions on a setand suppose that there is a sequence of positive termssuch that

1. forand all

2. is convergent

Then the seriesis uniformly convergent on

Proof: Note that by assumption 1 and 2,is convergent for eachby the comparison test. henceis convergent for eachby the absolute convergence test and so the sum functionexists for eachWe note the partial sum functions by

Then for

by the triangle inequality

by assumption 1

By assumption 2,asso uniform convergence follows..

Example: Prove thatconverges uniformly onfor

andfor

so that assumption 1 above is satisfied with

for

so that assumption 2 is satisfied and the sum converges uniformly on