Melting, Boiling, Specific Latent Heat of Fusion and Vaporistation of Various Substances

Substance

Melting Point ℃

Boiling Point℃

Specific Latent Heat of Fusion (kJ/kg)

Specific Latent Heat of Vaporization (kJ/kg)

aluminum

660

2519

397

10,900

argon

−189

−186

29.5

161

bismuth

271

1564

54.0

723

bromine (Br 2 )

−7

59

132

375

chlorine (Cl 2 )

−102

−34

181

576

copper

1084

2562

209

4730

gold

1064

2856

63.7

1645

helium

n/a

−269

3.45

20.7

hydrogen (H 2 )

−259

−253

59.5

445

iron

1538

2861

247

6090

krypton

-157

-153

16.3

108

lead

327

1749

23.0

866

lithium

181

1342

432

21,200

mercury

−39

357

11.4

295

neon

−249

−246

16.8

84.8

nickel

1455

2913

298

6430

nitrogen (N 2 )

−210

−196

25.3

199

oxygen (O 2 )

−219

−183

13.7

213

plutonium (ε)

640

3228

11.6

1370

silicon

1414

3265

1790

12,800

silver

962

2162

105

2390

sodium

98

883

113

4240

sulfur

115

445

53.6

1400

tin

231

2602

59.2

2490

titanium

1668

3287

296

8880

tungsten

3422

5555

285

4390

uranium

1135

4131

38.4

1750

zinc

420

907

112

1890

alcohol, ethyl

−130

78



alcohol, methyl

−97

64.7



ammonia

−77.7

−33.3



butane

−138.4

−0.5

80.2


carbon dioxide

n/a

n/a

571

205

ethane

−172

−89

95.1


freon 12, −30℃

−158

−29.8


166.2

freon 12,0℃

−158

−29.8


152.8

freon 12, +30℃

−158

−29.8


136.3

methane

−182

−164

58.4

112

propane

−188

−44.5

80.1


water, 0℃

0

100

334

2501

water, 25℃

0

100


2441

water, 100℃

0

100


2258

wax, beeswax

62




butter

32~35




lard

41




margarine, table

34~37




margarine, bakery

38~43




oil, cocoa butter

34




oil, coconut

24




oil, corn

−20? −15?




oil, olive

−6




oil, palm

~35




oil, peanut

3




oil, soya

−16? −13?




shortening, vegetable

44~50




sugar, fructose

104




sugar, glucose

146




sugar, sucrose

186




Melting and boiling points are the "normal" values at one atmosphere. Latent heats of fusion and vaporization are measured at the normal melting and boiling points respectively, except where indicated.

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