## Number of Independent Elements in an Antisymmetric Matrix

\[a_{ij} = -a_{ji}\]

.This means that any entry on the main diagonal must be zero since it satisfies

\[a_{ii} = -a_{ii}\]

.Any 3 x 3 antisymmetric matrix takes the form

\[ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & a_{12} & a_{13} \\ -a_{12} & 0 & a_{23} \\ -a_{13} & -a_{23} & 0 \end{array} \right) \]

.The independent entries are

\[ a_{12} \: a_{13}, \: a_{23} \]

.There are 3 independent elements. We cab take the three elements in the upper right and the three elements on the leading diagonal to be the independent elements.

In general for an

\[n x n\]

square matrix we can take the \[\frac{n(n-1)}{2}\]

elements in the upper right to be the independent elements, so there are \[ \frac{n(n-1)}{2}\]

independent elements.