## Volumes of Frustums

A frustum is the part of a pyramid or cone lying between parallel planes cutting it. If one of the planes is the base and the other is horizontal then the result is the shape shown below right (for a cone).

The smaller cone top right and the original left are similar shapes, so(1)

The volume of the original isand the volume of the smaller cone isThe difference between these two is the volume of the frustum (above bottom right),(2)

Rearranging (1) to giveand substituting into (2) gives

Ifthen

The volume of the frustum is seven eighths the volume of the cone.