## Volumes of Frustums

A frustum is that part of a pyramid or cone that lies between two parallel planes cutting it. If one of the planes is the base and the other is horizontal then the result is the shape shown below right (for a cone).

The smaller cone top right and the original cone left are similar shapes, so(1)

The volume of the original cone isand the volume of the smaller cone is

The difference between these two is the volume of the frustum (above bottom right).

(2)

Rearranging (1) to giveand substituting into (2) gives

Ifthen

The volume of the frustum is seven eighths the volume of the cone.