Fixed Points of a Complex Function
A fixed point of a complex functionis somesatisfying
For example, ifthenimplies
The behaviour offor values ofclose todepends on the derivative ofatIfthenmaps small discs with centreto even smaller discs with centreThis means that values ofclose toare attracted toby iteration.
Letbe a fixed point of an analytic functionand suppose thatThen there existssuch thatfor
Sinceandthere is a positive numbersatisfying for
So, since for
In generalbutis a null sequence so
Not all fixed points exhibit this behaviour.
A fixed pointof an analytic complex functionis
a) attracting if
b) repelling if
c) indifferent if
d) super – attracting if