Volume of Revolution Example

If a curve  
, defined between points  
\[x_1, \; x_2\]
  is rotated about the  
  axis, it forms a solid , called a volume or solid of revolution. The volume can be found by integration.
\[V= \pi \int{x_2}_{x_1} y^2 dx \]

If the curve is defined between the points  
, and is rotated about the  
  axis, the volume can be found using the formula
\[V= \pi \int{y_2}_{y_1} x^2 dy \]

Example: The curve  
\[y=x^2+x, \; 0 \lt x \lt 1\]
  is rotated about the  
\[\begin{equation} \begin{aligned} V &= \pi \int^1_0 (x^2+x)^2dx \\ &= \int^1_0 x^4+2x^3+x^2 dx \\ &= [ \frac{x^5}{5}+ \frac{2x^4}{4}+ \frac{x}{3} ]^1_0 \\ &= (\frac{1}{5}+ \frac{1}{2} + \frac{1}{3} )-(0) \\ &= \frac{31}{30} \end{aligned} \end{equation} \]

Add comment

Security code